« F35Bといずも | Main | 汚染水漏れ事故はサボタージュ »

August 17, 2013

敗北をかみしめて

参議院選での自民党の圧勝で憲法改定が現実味を帯びてきた。憲法改定については第96条の憲法改正要件、第九条の安全保障を中心に第一条の天皇制の問題など逐条ごとの議論がかまびすしい。しかし、論議しなければならないのは、むしろ憲法を改定することの意味そのものである。
もし憲法改定の真の狙いが安倍首相の目指す戦後レジームつまりはヤルタ・ポツダム体制からの脱却にあるなら、それは敗戦の忘却であり戦後の日米関係そのものを否定しかねない。侵略、植民地支配を非難する中韓はもちろん戦勝国アメリカからも安倍首相の「右傾化」を危惧する声が上がるのは、憲法改定に戦前回帰への動きが透けて見えることが一因であろう。
暗礁に乗り上げた中韓関係のみならず、次第に疎遠になりつつある日米関係にとって憲法改定がどのような意味を持つのか。それを考える上でわれわれは今一度、次の三つの問題に思いを馳せる必要がある。第一は敗戦とは何であったのか。第二は天皇制をどうするのか。第三は敗戦体制をどう克服するか。
第一の問題に一言で答えれば、日本はアメリカの支配下に置かれ、平和憲法によって二度と戦争のできない国家に改造させられたということである。確かにジョン・ダワーが活写するように、被占領期に日本人は「敗北を抱きしめて」いたかもしれない。しかし、同時にダワーも指摘するように、そこには「押し付け」の構造すなわち支配・従属構造があり、しかもそれは日米安保体制で補強され、日本は軍事的にはもちろん政治的、経済的そして社会的にも二度とアメリカに刃向えないよう平和憲法が制定されたのである。
古来より歴史は、敗戦国が戦勝国の支配の軛から脱する手段が戦争であることを教えている。だから日本は平和憲法を押し付けられ二度と戦争ができないようにさせられたのだと改憲派は言う。他方護憲派は、たとえ押し付けられたにせよ日本は平和憲法を護り戦争など二度としないから米軍は出ていけという。いずれも敗戦の意味を理解していない。戦争に負けた以上、アメリカが日本との支配・従属関係を維持する能力や意志を失わない限り、アメリカは日本をその支配下に置き続け、友好の美名の下で日本の敗戦体制は永遠に続く。
忘れられがちだが、日本が平和憲法を受け入れたのは単に「押し付けられた」からではない。天皇制の存続と引き換えに受け入れたのである。日本は黙契のうちに天皇制の存続を唯一の要件としてポツダム宣言を受諾した。アメリカの草案に基づく憲法で日本は戦争放棄(第九条)と引き換えに、あるいは戦争放棄とともに天皇制の存続(第一条)を認められたのである。天皇制の存続が許された以上、戦勝国アメリカが憲法を「押し付けた」からといって、「押し付け憲法」に従うしかない。もちろん独立を回復した日本が「押し付け憲法」を改定することに何ら法的問題があるはずがない。しかし天皇制の存続を議論することなく憲法を改定するということは、まるで敗戦が無かったかのように戦前に回帰するに等しい。つまり憲法改定は必然的に第二の天皇制存続の問題を惹起する。
戦前の天皇は君主、戦後の天皇は象徴とその地位や役割が異なるが故に天皇制の存続に問題はないとの反論が聞こえてきそうだ。しかし、戦前と戦後の天皇制が異なるのであれば、天皇制を存続させたことになるのだろうか。自民党の改憲論が天皇を象徴ではなく君主に位置づけようとしているのは、戦後の象徴天皇制が間違っているとの思いを吐露しているようなものだ。改憲派は、明治天皇や昭和天皇のように、いずれ皇太子に軍服を着せ白馬にまたがらせるつもりなのか。
本当にそれでよいのか。だからこそ憲法改定とともに議論しなければならないのは、昭和天皇が「堪へ難きを堪へ忍ひ難きを忍ひ」護持した天皇制とは一体何だったのか、という問いである。この問いに答えない限り、天皇の名の下に犠牲となった国内外の多くの犠牲者の霊は浮かばれない。また皇位継承問題で揺れる現在の天皇制の存続も危うい。
敗戦を終戦と呼び換え象徴天皇制の下で日本はまるで戦勝国のような戦後の長い繁栄と平和の時代を享受してきた。それももはや限界にきた。長期のデフレで経済力を低下させ、さらに東日本大震災が追い打ちをかけ、往時の繁栄の面影はどこにもない。中韓は歴史認識、領土問題、慰安婦問題等で衰退する日本に外交攻勢を仕掛け、平和もさえ脅かされている。われわれは「敗北を抱きしめ」るのではなく、今こそ昭和20年8月15日に立ち戻って「敗北をかみしめ」なければならない。
敗戦の結果我々は多くのものを失った。その一方で得たものは何かを考えてみること、それが第三の問い、即ち敗戦体制をどう克服するかの回答となる。
戦後の敗戦体制の下でわれわれは一体何を得たろう。戦勝国アメリカに次ぐ経済大国として経済的繁栄を獲得できた。しかし、それ以上に重要なものをわれわれは会得したのではないか。それは自由、民主主義、個人の人権等の普遍的価値である。仮にこれらの価値がアメリカによる「押し付け」であったとしても、これらの普遍的価値そのものにアメリカとの間で支配・従属の関係はない。だからこそこれらの普遍的価値に基づいて日米関係を構築しなおすことで、また天皇を普遍的価値の体現者として位置づけることで、われわれは敗戦体制を克服することができるのではないか。
オバマ大統領はプラハ演説で「米国は核兵器保有国として、また核兵器を使用したことがある唯一の核兵器保有国として、行動を起こす道義的責任があります」と慎重な言い回しながら、はじめて原爆投下に対して「道義的責任」を明らかにした。オバマ大統領のこの言葉は、道義において日米の関係が対等あるいは逆転したことを表している。またオバマ政権は「核兵器のない世界」を目指すものの、歴代の政権と異なり自由、民主主義、人権などのアメリカの建国の理念に基づいて世界を指導しようとする外交姿勢が見られない。自ら超大国から普通の大国へと降りたがっているような外交姿勢である。日米関係で言えば、オバマ大統領は日本との支配・従属関係を打ち切ろうとしているかのようである。
だからこそ安倍政権はオバマ政権を叱咤激励するためにも自由、民主主義の価値観外交を実践していくべきである。

|

« F35Bといずも | Main | 汚染水漏れ事故はサボタージュ »

Comments

hi!,I really like your writing very a lot! percentage we keep in touch extra approximately your article on AOL? I require an expert in this space to unravel my problem. May be that is you! Taking a look ahead to see you.

Posted by: Call Of Duty Ghosts Hacks | December 29, 2013 at 01:53 AM

Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it's driving me crazy so any support is very much appreciated.

Posted by: Call of Duty Ghosts Prestige Hack | December 29, 2013 at 09:10 PM

Great article.

Posted by: Theme Park Windows 7 | January 07, 2014 at 05:40 AM

Awesome article.

Posted by: call of duty black ops 2 aimbot hack | January 23, 2014 at 08:24 PM

This is another classic case of overkill and youth sport abuse in my book. A sitemap is a directory of all of your pages and posts on your blog.

Posted by: Fidel | February 13, 2014 at 07:28 AM

Yo bros !! I am SHONNA KAUFMAN. I belong to Clarksville. I aam turningg 43. I might join The Jovial Institutye which has a branch iin Normal. I am self employed aas a Comedian. My hobby iss Singing. My dad name is Adrian and he is a Locksmith. My mother is a Professor.

Posted by: call of duty ghosts hack | August 29, 2014 at 07:02 AM

Banyak kondisi yang butuh anda pertimbangkan sebelum anda mencoba bertaruh games taruhan bola. Para anggota dari komunitas Indonesia ini dapat berdiskusi dalam beberapa macam kategori, seperti: community, entertainment, hobby, dan sebagainya. Democrats and Republicans became internationalists.

Posted by: Cliff | October 07, 2014 at 11:49 PM

After choosing appropriate filter for your picture click. It is utilised to connect cellular appliance and computer for your goal of data communication. If you want to setup the most recent release of this application which is v.

Posted by: harga Andromax V3S | October 08, 2014 at 11:50 AM

Spot on with this write-up, I truly feel this web site needs far more attention. I'll probably be returning to read more, thanks for the info!

Posted by: swamp attack hack android | October 09, 2014 at 08:34 PM

The S3 even compares well to the latest handsets such as the i - Phone 5 and Sony Xperia Z, with the S3 having plenty enough power to tackle most of the games in the Google Play store. At the heart of this widget there is a Nvidia Tegra 2 processor with dual cores which runs at 1 GHz. Have you ever been lost, you appreciate how humiliating it can be to ask for directions, however with this tab you will also receive GPS, meaning you'll not be lost again.

Posted by: http://kabarselular.com/samsung-galaxy-v-harga-spesifikasi-hp-terbaru-murah-12-jutaan | October 28, 2014 at 10:06 PM

Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I'll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

Posted by: fifa 15 generator | November 13, 2014 at 10:49 AM

@chronic ' this so-proclaimed hacker and app developer is the creator of the Chronic Dev Team. This will bring a popup window, asking you to select the firmware file. He has gained notoriety on Twitter since then and there are even rumors that he may have a jailbreak for a new firmware that Apple will release soon.

Posted by: untetheredjailbreakios8.com | November 18, 2014 at 03:55 AM

Othеr current and potential applications are vast and maƴ include: (1)Energʏ and environmental applications, (2)Risk asseѕsment for toxic expoѕures, (3)Bioɑrchae-ology,(4)Fߋrensic identifications, and (5) Agrіculture. This natural peptide also aiԀs in boosting elastіn рroduction. Some of them have been lіnked to some of the diseases tҺey were designed to help mitigate.

Posted by: antiaging system | November 18, 2014 at 03:55 AM

My time in this particular industry possesses taught me some things about how to take care of credit cards in addition to debt generally speaking.

Posted by: instant deposit payday loans | November 22, 2014 at 05:20 PM

What i don't understood is if truth be told how you're not actually mch more smartly-preferred than you may be right now. You're so intelligent. You already know therefore considersbly with regars to this matter, made me in my view believe it from so many varied angles. Its like men and women aren't involved untill it's something to do with Girl gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. Always handle it up!

Posted by: Rosemary | November 23, 2014 at 02:24 PM

I'm not sure why but this web site is loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end? I'll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

Posted by: Lorena | November 23, 2014 at 02:26 PM

Does your site have a contact page? I'm having a tough time locating it but, I'd like to send you an email. I've got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

Posted by: https://www.facebook.com/ | November 23, 2014 at 02:30 PM

Wow, this piece of writing is pleasant, my sister is analyzing these kinds of things, thus I am going to inform her.

Posted by: Monsac Luggage Review | November 23, 2014 at 02:32 PM

I think this is one of the most important information for me. And i am glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The site style is ideal, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

Posted by: ชุดไปงานแต่งงาน | November 23, 2014 at 02:33 PM

The resulting funds will go to buy weapons and armor.

Posted by: Shadow Fight 2 Hack | November 23, 2014 at 02:35 PM

Actually wҺjen someone doesn't knoow aftdrward its upp too other peoρle that thеy will help, so here it take place.

Posted by: Clash of Clans Hack android 2014 | November 23, 2014 at 02:40 PM

This piece of writing will help the internet viewers for creating new web site or even a blog from start to end.

Posted by: free sims Freeplay cheats | November 23, 2014 at 02:43 PM

Gems are most important resource in the game.

Posted by: clash of clans hacken | November 23, 2014 at 08:15 PM

excellent submit, very informative. I'm wondering why the opposite experts of this sector do not understand this. You should continue your writing. I am sure, you've a great readers' base already!

Posted by: http://legisalud.gov.ar/ | November 25, 2014 at 08:25 AM

Our staff - a gaggle of 9 programmers and three web-designers - hopes you take pleasure in using our professional hack products and all the opposite media releases posted here, on !

Posted by: Gods Rush Hack | November 27, 2014 at 03:03 PM

Head over to obtain button to seize it whereas continues to be on-line!

Posted by: Gods Rush Cheats | November 27, 2014 at 10:57 PM

After this superb hack device finishes it's job, you will note how straightforward it is to turn out to be a grasp in Shadow Combat 2.

Posted by: Gods Rush Hack Cheats | November 28, 2014 at 01:01 AM

If you remember, on 1.07 players had discovered a way to make $10 million GTA V cash per hour, by making use of the Z-Variety automobile - 1 of the most high priced autos in the game.

Posted by: gta 5 money cheat | November 29, 2014 at 10:57 AM

The phone is powered with quad core processor that makes it highly efficient and powerful. An interesting new addition is the ability to re-size certain widgets. The process is quite easy and only takes a few steps, plus you don't need any additional software.

Posted by: Maricela | December 01, 2014 at 06:33 AM

Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

Posted by: designer fragrance | December 01, 2014 at 10:32 AM

Do not worry, it also offers micro SD card slot for expanding memory upto32GB, in case your internal memory runs out. If you are travelling to a distant place, make it a point to add such an app which will allow you to track the nearby hotels with prices, descriptions, and photos. This is one phone that has that will give you access to the Kodak Galleries and will allow you to print your pictures from your phone to a wireless printer.

Posted by: Smartphone Gesture Canggih | December 06, 2014 at 05:25 PM

Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam feedback? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it's driving me insan so any assistance is very much appreciated.

Posted by: sherpatrek.net | December 08, 2014 at 10:22 AM

Hello, Neat post. There is an issue with your web site in internet explorer, would test this? IE nonetheless is the marketplace leader and a large portion of other folks will pass over your excellent writing due to this problem.

Posted by: Monsac Luggage Review | December 08, 2014 at 03:02 PM

It is a relief then that this Twitter app is in the beta stage ' hopefully the connectivity issues and the missing features can be resolved soon so that this X-Panel can sit alongside the others in pride of place on a Sony Ericsson Xperia X1 Windows Phone. The Sony Ericsson Xperia X10 is certainly an attractive handset, measuring 119x63x13mm and weighing 135 grams. Lockscreen display system using a vertical swipe with a shortcut to the camera bottom.

Posted by: harga Sony Xperia | December 09, 2014 at 01:07 AM

When Windows Phone 7 was first launched in 2010 it did not have a native navigation app, which was a massive oversight on Microsoft's part, but now since Nokia and Microsoft joined forces things have just been getting better and better for the platform. That is why, before shooting any moment, you need to clean your lens diligently to get the best outcome. It has powerful battery with backup up to 380 hrs in 2G and 450 hrs in 3G in stand-by mode and total talk-time is Up to 11 hrs in 2G and7 hr in 3G.

Posted by: harga hp | December 11, 2014 at 04:17 AM

In the Indian mobile market, the Samsung Galaxy Y is a budget Android mobile from Samsung Galaxy family. LITTLE architecture central processing unit (CPU) but does not have LTE connectivity. It is said that Galaxy Note is a bigger Galaxy S II.

Posted by: harga samsung galaxy | December 13, 2014 at 08:09 PM

Hope a person excellent living.

Posted by: Pastry Paradise Hack Download - Free Medals Hack Tool | December 18, 2014 at 01:49 PM

Indludes most machines Blending, juicing die where a chap from Australia, Nigeria, North Africa - assumingLibya is normal. Remember, we're offering this ffor unddr $4 foor a very happy man. Raw juicing recipes is a convenient way to provijde extra amino acids are the top layers of composite have not!

Posted by: www.prayer2prayer.com | December 20, 2014 at 02:25 AM

Now soon after the completion, you will have a new window that will have the columns to be filled for adding up of coins and keys and you have to decide on the working system device that you are making use of. I personally attempted this Subway Surfers Cheats and it worked completely fine for me. Took 1 of the screenshot to current it more than here and lets have a appear in excess of it. This instrument utilized a glitch found in the game's root code.

Posted by: Subway Surfers Hack | December 22, 2014 at 07:49 AM

My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different web address and thought I may as well check things out. I like what I see so now i'm following you. Look forward to checking out your web page for a second time.

Posted by: Delsey Luggage Reviews | December 22, 2014 at 02:02 PM

My developer iss trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and am worried abut switching to another platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpres content into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

Posted by: Head soccer cheats | January 01, 2015 at 08:39 PM

For the modern businessman, the Galaxy S2 is a relatively small phone, but has a lot of big things to offer. Samsung Galaxy S2 owners such as myself are most likely contemplating which phone we want to upgrade to for 2014. That's not necessarily a Black Friday special, it is a fairly normal price for a popular new smartphone with one-year-old technology.

Posted by: samsung Galaxy terbaru | January 16, 2015 at 11:13 PM

Hello, the whole thing is going well heree and ofcourse every one is sharing facts, that's truly excellent, keep up writing.

Posted by: http://www.echojournal.org/users/RosaliConl | January 22, 2015 at 12:43 PM

Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Many thanks for supplying this info.

Posted by: Prescott Travel | January 24, 2015 at 10:10 PM

Operates for all Android mobile phones or tablets, iPhone, iPad, iPad Mini, iPod Touch and other iOS device.

Posted by: iron force cheats ipad | January 26, 2015 at 08:14 AM

Download the Marvel Avengers Alliance Tactics Cheat, Hack, Instrument, Trainer one hundred% Doing work now and turn out to be the best Marvel Avengers Alliance Tactics player on Facebook.

Posted by: marvel avengers alliance hack download v5.5 | January 27, 2015 at 07:44 AM

Weekly challenges can permit you to unlock new vehicles for free if you deal with to realize the objectives. If you want to be featured in the leaderboards you must check drive this new GT Racing two: The Authentic Motor vehicle Working experience hack!

Posted by: gt racing 2 hack apk 1.1.0 | January 27, 2015 at 10:11 AM

There are numerous operating technique for mobile products offered but the most prevalent and the finest working program for mobile is Android, it is an OS indicates you can install other applications (software's) on it. In Android application typically named apps or android apps.

Posted by: whatsapphackenx.Com | January 31, 2015 at 12:18 AM

Hurrah, that's what I was exploring for, what a material! present here at this web site, thanks admin of this web site.

Posted by: agamefunny.com | January 31, 2015 at 06:54 AM

Frontline Commando 2 Hack Tool - System made by Hacksday group.

Posted by: frontline Commando d day hack tool apk | January 31, 2015 at 01:16 PM

It is in this matter that the Injustice Gods Among Us Cheat Codes had been designed totally no cost and manufactured available for every person so you can have greater way to get all which is necessary when acquiring exciting with the game.

Posted by: injustice gods among us hack ios ifunbox | January 31, 2015 at 04:33 PM

In which, dependent whether you happen to be Acquiring Rubies or Paying Rubies you will WIN prizes!

Posted by: dragons of atlantis cheats for iphone | February 01, 2015 at 10:21 PM

It's remarkable too pay a quick visit this web page and reading the views oof all friends about this article, while I am also eager of getting knowledge.

Posted by: brave frontier cheats | February 02, 2015 at 05:42 AM

Putnam - To see more about salma hayek movies and download some about it FREE. Katrina has made more then twenty films and has won acclaim for her sterling performances in films such as New York in which she starred against John Abraham. Many overweight people are diabetics and arthritic sufferers and need to walk and stay active moderately.

Posted by: http://beritapilihan.web.id | February 05, 2015 at 06:59 PM

Clash of Clans Hack is doing work with out jailbreak, and of course work's on just about every other device/system so it work's for jailbreak and non jailbreak device's, for androids, iphone's, ipad's, all telephones that are using android system. Clash of clans game is the ideal mobile game obtainable on the market place wherever player's compete against just about every other to steal every-other's gold, elixir, dark elixir and trophies.

Posted by: www.nipandahalf.com | February 07, 2015 at 03:22 PM

Exercise Post-Oxygen Consumption (EPOC) causes your body to burn more calories and fat after a tough workout. Identify something to eat that's easy to prepare, easy to eat and is nutrition-rich, and put this on your grocery shopping list. For that reason, it is advisable for you to maintain ideal health along with bodyweight for leading a healthy lifestyle.

Posted by: extreme fat burning pills | February 11, 2015 at 10:37 AM

The amount of different accessories for the S4 are astounding. Nevertheless, Samsung has chosen to expand its domain by launching smartphones and tablets on the Windows 8 platform. Finally the ink leaves the nozzle as a drop that land on the paper.

Posted by: kelebihan Samsung Galaxy V | February 18, 2015 at 01:43 AM

Each of these systems fails safe.

Posted by: Adventure Capitalist Hack | March 25, 2015 at 12:42 AM

Jim Oddo has been coaching youth football, ages 4-14, for over 23 years. This will be a sure hit, and everyone is expected to have their online reservations as early as now. In the end, you will have assigned 136 confidence points (16+15+14+.

Posted by: Prediksi PSG Vs Chelsea | March 25, 2015 at 08:21 PM

The tax income is now delivered directly to you but you'll need to build mills and protect your possessions in order to make them profitable. Microsoft will give up to a 90% discount to students. Although Reagan restored faith, people remain wary of 'big government.

Posted by: politik | April 04, 2015 at 04:56 AM

My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on numerous websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it? Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

Posted by: unlock iphone 6 plus | July 01, 2015 at 09:57 AM

I really love your website.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you develop this site yourself? Please reply back as I'm wanting to create my very own site and want to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Thank you!

Posted by: emergency data recovery | July 27, 2015 at 10:05 AM

I visited many sites except the audio quality for audio songs current at this web page is actually superb.

Posted by: best autosurf | August 05, 2015 at 12:38 PM

Excellent article. Keep writing such kind of information on your site. Im really impressed by it. Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I will definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I am confident they'll be benefited from this web site.

Posted by: 23261 | September 28, 2015 at 10:42 PM

The Eee PC even comes with its own Anti-Virus software and in the learn section, has a typing and a painting program. Its features, durability and the affordable cost make it the best possible deal you can get. The second edition i - Pad, the i - Pad 2, got a more sleek design with some boosted hardware that it much faster.

Posted by: Asus Zenfone 5 | December 31, 2015 at 11:48 PM

Post a comment



(Not displayed with comment.)




TrackBack

TrackBack URL for this entry:
http://app.cocolog-nifty.com/t/trackback/95741/58006346

Listed below are links to weblogs that reference 敗北をかみしめて:

« F35Bといずも | Main | 汚染水漏れ事故はサボタージュ »